Beverage- Soft Drinks, Soda- Origin And History

The History of cabonated soft drinks which are an important beverage today, can be traced back to the mineral water from natural springs. The bubbles in spring water emanate as a result of carbon dioxide. This phenomenon was the basis of invention of fizzy soft drinks, like coke.

The first drink [non carbonated] to be ever marketed, probably appeared in the 17th century [1600-1700 AD], in France. It was basically water sweetened with honey, with a dash of lime. In India too, a version of this drink, called Nimbu-Paani, has been in existence for a considerable length of time.

First man-made carbonated drink [carbonated water] was made by Priestley in 1767, in his lab. The process of carbonation of water was later automated for commercial production by Mr. Torbern Bergman, who invented an apparatus for production of large quantities of carbonated water using chalk and acid.

The first patent in USA for manufacture of imitation mineral water was issued in 1810 to Simons and Rundell. In 1832, John Mathews invented an apparatus for the making carbonated water. This apparatus was a great hit amongst soda fountain owners. Drinking Mineral water [natural or man-made], was considered to be good for health. Thus, manufacturers started to flavor the mineral water with herbs and spices. The first flavored carbonated soft drink is believed to have been made by Doctor Philip Syng Physick, in 1807. Thus, soda fountains became a popular part of culture. The customers soon wanted to take their “health” drinks home, which was the beginning of the bottling of a soft drink. Gradually, soft-drink bottling industry grew from consumer demand.

The Soft Drink Bottling Industry

Carbonated soft drink bottles are under a lot of pressure from the carbon di-oxide gas. It was important to retain the soluble gas within drink for the drink to be fizzy. Thus, inventors were trying to find the best way to do so. In 1892, the “Crown Cork Bottle Seal” was patented by William Painter, which was a very successful way to prevent the gas from escaping.

In 1899, the first patent was issued for a glass-blowing machine. Within a few years, glass bottle production increased from 1,500 bottles a day to 57,000 bottles a day.

Home-Packs and Vending Machines

During the 1920s, the first “Home-Paks” and automatic vending machines began to appear on the market